# ANOVA Example using Python Pandas on Iris Dataset

ANOVA: We can use ANOVA to determine whether the means of three or more groups are significantly different.

Here’s an example of how to perform ANOVA on the Iris dataset using Python Pandas and the ANOVA function from the scipy.stats module:

``````import pandas as pd
from scipy.stats import f_oneway

# Convert the dataset into a Pandas DataFrame
df = pd.DataFrame(data=iris.data, columns=iris.feature_names)
df['species'] = iris.target

# Group the data by species and extract the sepal length column
group1 = df[df['species'] == 0]['sepal length (cm)']
group2 = df[df['species'] == 1]['sepal length (cm)']
group3 = df[df['species'] == 2]['sepal length (cm)']

# Perform ANOVA to test for significant differences between group means
f, p = f_oneway(group1, group2, group3)

if p < 0.05:
print('Reject null hypothesis: at least one group mean is different')
else:
print('Fail to reject null hypothesis: all group means are the same')
``````
`Output : Reject null hypothesis: at least one group mean is different`

In this example, we first load the Iris dataset using the `load_iris()` function from scikit-learn. We then convert the dataset into a Pandas DataFrame and extract the `sepal length (cm)` column for each of the three species of iris.
Next, we perform ANOVA on the three groups of data using the `f_oneway()` function from scipy.stats. This function returns the F-statistic and p-value for the test. If the p-value is less than 0.05, we reject the null hypothesis and conclude that there is evidence of a difference between at least one pair of group means. If the p-value is greater than or equal to 0.05, we fail to reject the null hypothesis and conclude that there is not enough evidence to support a difference between the group means.